Friday, 12 February 2016

The Fishball, the Favoured Belief, the Fool

The Fishball, the Favoured Belief, the Fool
Translated by Chen-t'ang 鎮棠, written by Tsang Fan-yam Philip
Original: https://www.facebook.com/VanVan417/posts/10153609247323096 
[Translator's note: Deep Chinese history knowledge required; will try to explain but cannot explain that much]
(Drawn by DamnkidYK)
The current unrest is similar to Peking back in late Ming Dynasty.
As a Ming general, Yuan Chonghuan was fighting in the Battle of Ningyuan against the Manchus, later known as the ruler of Qing Dynasty. The Manchus and its troops suffered. Nurhaci, the chieftain of Manchu, read and inspired by the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, so he started to spread rumours of Yuan conspriring a revolt as he held lots of soldiers. And people believed it.

Chongzhen Emperor of Ming fell into this trap, so he grabbed Yuan to jail, and sliced him slowly. Peking residents believed that he was conspiring a revolt, so they ate his flesh after slicing.

Yuan was not a flawless general, but he was competent and the pride for Cantonese people. A few bright man came out through the unreasonably difficult imperial examination, including Sun Chengzong, Xiong Tingbi and Yuan Chonghuan, and became generals on the frontier against the Manchus' aggression.

Ming's administration was highly centralized. The emperor worried real generals would be dangerous threats as they held lots of troops. So with imperial exam, only literary officials can lead the troops, but most of them cannot lead a troop.

But there are always exceptions in history. Sun Chengzong went through all key frontier checkpoints and learnt all the details about the frontier; Xiong Tingbi was familiar with the troops, and good at archery with both hands. It was rare to see a literary man to be so good at martial arts.

As for Yuan, he loved military things but did not know martial arts. His qualities were "not peaceful, irrational, violent ans swearing".

Within 5 years, he took Liaodong peninsula back -- not peaceful; he directly asked for funding for troops from the emperor directly instead of departments -- irrational; on his own idea, he killed Mao Wenlong, another general -- violent; his Cantonese maritime troops often chanted "Diu La Ma, Ding Ngang Soeng" (Screw his mom, carry on!) -- swearing.
Ring a bell of localists or valorous protesters?

I heard many people's remarks, like "policemen are men too", "localists are messing around" or "both sides have faults too".
Ring a bell of the rumours in Peking?
Much worse actually, at least Peking residents would not say "Manchus troops are men too", given their brutal records. 

These people do not read news, and bark around when something happened. They do not know what is "unrestricted warfare", editor-in-chief being chopped on streets nor booksellers being kidnapped, not to mention the confrontation between the police and the public.
Is this much alike the fool in Peking?
Pan-democrats are not reliable at all, they are just like the secretaries of Defense Department, who do not know about the actual situation nor allow new blooms to show their talents.
The localists now have their channels for promotion, and the government has their mouthpieces too. On the same battlefield, we are the master of the keyboard, and we have to choose our stance.
To be honest, those who remain silent and neutral are selfish. As Dante said, "The darkest places in hell are reserved for those who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis."
We have to keep it short and simple and screw the government persistently. We have to stand firm on our posts, and we shall have our future.
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魚蛋、輿論、愚民
現今的亂象,與明末的北京城很相似。
袁崇煥在寧遠前線間關百戰,對抗滿清,清兵焦頭爛額。清主皇太極看了《三國演義》,從「群英會蔣幹中計」一回得到啟示,派人四出造謠,於是北京城謠言四起,群眾認為袁崇煥手握重兵,要反了。
崇禎果然中計,抓了袁崇煥下獄,將他凌遲處死。北京市民也相信袁崇煥造反,一人一口生啖其肉。
袁崇煥是有相當瑕疵的將領,但也相當能打,難得一見的大將,是廣東人的榮耀。明末曾經有幾顆奪目的新星,孫承宗、熊廷弼、袁崇煥,他們經過極不合理的考試選拔制度,通過一連串文考,終於成為邊防將領,抵禦滿清南侵。
明朝高度中央集權,皇帝害怕武將握兵權,構成威脅,於是通過考試制度,讓文官才能帶兵,能爬到高層的都是不會帶兵的文官。
但是也有例外,孫承宗「伏劍游塞下」,萬曆三十二年進士;熊廷弼「有膽知兵,善左右射」,萬曆二十六年進士,讀書人中左右手也能開弓,絕無僅有。
袁崇煥熱愛軍事,不懂武藝,萬曆四十七年進士。他的特點是:不和平、不理性、暴力、粗口。
他反守為攻,五年平遼,是不和平;他無視兵部戶部,直接向皇帝要錢作餉,是不理性;他擅殺皮島守將毛文龍,是暴力;他的廣東水師,陣上總是「丟那媽,頂硬上」的呼喊,是為粗口。
很像今天本土派、勇武派的風格。
今天早上聽到很多指摘,「警察都係人」、「本土派搞事」、「兩邊都有錯」。
這很像北京城裡的謠言。
其實是更不堪,北京愚民再謊謬,不會說「清兵亦人也」。
平時不看新聞,有事百犬吠聲。沒有「超限戰」的概念,不知道報紙編輯當街俾人斬,不覺得賣書賣到被綁架是很嚴重,扑爆頭也不相信警民之間已經是「敵我矛盾」。
有沒有覺得自己就像北京城的愚民?
泛民也完全不可信賴,他們就像明末的兵部尚書一樣:王在晉,將不知兵;梁廷棟,挾數行私;張鳳翼,怯不敢戰;楊嗣昌,扼殺新晉。
現今本土派有一個優勢,就是有自己的平台,有渠道作文宣。然而政府也有牠的喉舌。在這一個戰場上,你我也身處最前線。我們手握鍵盤,要幫雞蛋,要幫高牆,全由我們選擇。
沉默與中立的,在這個時勢而言,老實講,很自私,如但丁所言:"The darkest places in hell are reserved for those who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis."
我們必須用易懂、簡潔、清晰的文字去diu7政府,並且堅持到底,在抗爭的每個崗位克盡己任,我們才有明天。

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